Coal substitution with biomass

It is possible to substitute coal with bamboo biomass. Bamboo is fastest growing biomass plant, it can grow in most areas and there is no deforestation when bamboo is harvested. Post-harvest crop residue waste has low bulk density and can be briquetted prior to transport. Waste charcoal from firewood produced in households (about 100 tons per day would come from 1 lakh rural households. It is possible to organize the collection. Forest department would need to be convinced that this is not charcoal produced by cutting trees from the forest. Biomass plantations sequester CO2.

Goals
• Goal 1: 25% reduction in CO2 emissions from coal usage by 2025 – 7 years from 2018
• Goal 2: 30% reduction in CO2 emissions from coal usage by 2030 – 12 years from 2018
• Goal 3: 50% reduction in CO2 emissions from coal usage by 20xx – xx years from 2018
• Goal 4: 75% reduction in CO2 emissions from coal usage by 20xx – xx years from 2018
• Goal 5: 100% reduction in CO2 emissions from coal usage by 20xx – xx years from 2018

Stage1
Development of financials and optimizing of investment including cross-subsidization. Calculation of benefits from 2G-Bio CNG plants utilizing 40 tons biomass and producing 5 tons of CNG and 20 tons of compost which is briquetted and used as fuel. 1 kg CNG has a calorific value of 12,500 kcal. Bamboo is sent by rakes in train. Chips of bamboo of a few 100 tons could be transported from NER by rakes. An alternative is to float NER bamboos down rivers to the sea, followed by barge transport to eastern small ports on the peninsular part of the country. Both options can be explored. Bamboo from Jharkhand/Chattisgarh/Madhya Pradesh/Maharashtra in chipped form transported by rakes. Dendrocalamus strictus is widely planted by the forest department and has limited uses and hence can be used as fuel.

Stage 2
Bamboo plantations initiated for pilot testing of site-specific selected species and fertilization and irrigation regime. Growing can be on company land or through growing contracts with guaranteed buyback at pre-identified price. Extension and technical backstopping to be provided.

Pre-Start-up stage 2
• Outright buying of ready to plant bamboos of site-specific bamboo species
• Buying of netpot plants>nursery raising
• Buying of rooted plants>hardening>nursery raising
• Ramping up of plantlet production locally using container laboratories>hardening>nurseries to reduce costs of transportation. The container labs can then be moved to other locations.






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